Science for Coastal Ecosystem Management

If you are interested in anything published prior to 2000, or publications on other topics, please visit the NCCOS publications database.

*For publications not available via NCCOS’ website, please contact for more information


Beletsky, Dmitry, Nathan Hawley, Yerubandi R. Rao, Henry A. Vanderploeg, Raisa Beletsky, David J. Schwab, and Steven A. Ruberg. 2012. Summer thermal structure and anticyclonic circulation of Lake Erie. Geophysical Research Letters 39 (L06605): doi:10.1029/2012GL051002, 2012.

Boström, C., S.J. Pittman, C. Simenstad and R.T. Kneib. 2011. Seascape ecology of coastal biogenic habitats: advances, gaps, and challenges. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 427: 191–217.

Hitt S., S.J. Pittman and R.S. Nemeth. 2011. Diel movements of fish are linked to benthic seascape structure in a Caribbean coral reef ecosystem. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 427: 275–291.

Hitt, S., S.J. Pittman  and K.A. Brown. 2011. Tracking and mapping sun-synchronous migrations and diel space use patterns of Haemulon sciurus and Lutjanus apodus in the U.S. Virgin Islands. Environmental Biology of Fishes, 75(4).

Kendall M.S., T.J. Miller and S.J. Pittman. 2011. Patterns of scale-dependency and the influence of map resolution on the  seascape ecology of reef fish. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 427: 259–274.

Kininmonth, S. M.Beger, M.Bode, E. Peterson, V.M. Adams, D. Dorfman, D. Brumbaugh and H. Possingham. 2011. Dispersal connectivity and reserve selection for marine conservation. Ecological Modeling, 222: 1272-1282.

Pittman SJ, Connor DW, Radke L, and Wright DJ. 2011. Application of Estuarine
and Coastal Classifications in Marine Spatial Management. In: Wolanski E and
McLusky DS (eds.) Treatise on Estuarine and Coastal Science, Vol 1, pp. 163–205.
Waltham: Academic Press.

Pittman, S. J., Costa, B., Jefferey, C.. F.G., and Caldow, C. 2011. Importance of Seascape Complexity for Resilient Fish Habitat and Sustainable FisheriesGulf and Caribbean Fisheries Institute, 63: 420-426.

Pittman, S.J. and K.A. Brown. 2011. Multi-Scale Approach for Predicting Fish Species Distributions across Coral Reef SeascapesPLoS ONE, 6(5).

Pittman, S.J., R.T. Kneib and C.T. Simenstad. 2011. Practicing coastal seascape ecology. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 427:187-190.

Pittman, S.J., R.T. Kneib, C. Simenstad and I. Nagelkerken. Editors. 2011. Theme Section: Seascape ecology: application of landscape ecology to the marine environment. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 427:187-190.

Wedding L.M., C.A. Lepczyk, S.J. Pittman, A.M. Friedlander and S. Jorgensen. 2011.  Quantifying seascape structure: extending terrestrial spatial pattern metrics to the marine realm. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 427:219-232.

Wedding L.M., Gibson, B.A. Walsh, W.J. and Tim Battista. 2011. Integrating remote sensing products and GIS tools to support marine spatial management in West Hawai’i. Journal of Conservation Planning, 7: 60-73.

Kendall, M.S., and T.J. Miller. 2010. Relationships among map resolution, fish assemblages, and habitat variables in a coral reef ecosystem. Hydrobiologia, 637:101-119.

Locker, S.D., R.A. Armstrong, T.A. Battista, J.J. Rooney, C. Sherman and D.G. Zawada. 2010. Geomorphology of mesophotic coral ecosystems: current perspectives on morphology, distribution, and mapping strategies. Coral Reefs, 29:329-345.

Pittman, S. and B. Costa. 2010. Chapter 21: Linking cetaceans to their environment: spatially explicit data acquisition, digital processing and predictive modeling for marine spatial planning in the Northwest Atlantic. In (Cushman, S.A. & Huettmann, F. eds.) Spatial Complexity, Informatics, and Wildlife Conservation. Springer, Tokyo: 387-408.

Smith T.B., J. Blondeau, R. S. Nemeth, S.J. Pittman, J. M. Calnan, E. Kadison, and J. Gass. 2010. Benthic structure and cryptic mortality in a Caribbean mesophotic coral reef bank system, the Hind Bank Marine Conservation District, U.S. Virgin Islands. Coral Reefs, 29: 289-308.

Whitall, D., W.D. Hively, A.K. Leight, C. J. Hapeman, L.L. McConnell, T. Fisher, C.P. Rice, E. Codling, G.W. McCarty. 2010. Pollutant fate and spatio-temporal variability in the Choptank River estuary: Factors influencing water quality. Science of the Total Environment, 408: 2096-2108.

Clark R.D., Pittman S., Caldow C., Christensen J., Roque B., Appeldoorn R.S., and M.E. Monaco. 2009.  Nocturnal fish movement and trophic flow across habitat boundaries in a coral reef ecosystem (SW Puerto Rico). Caribbean Journal of Science, 45:282-303.

Clark, Randall, Christopher Jeffrey, Kimberly Woody, Zandy Hillis-Starr, and Mark Monaco. 2009. Spatial and Temporal Patterns of Coral Bleaching Around Buck Island Reef National Monument, St. Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands. Bulletin of Marine Science, 84(2):167-182.

Costa, B.M., Battista, T.A., and Pittman, S.J. 2009. Comparative evaluation of airborne LiDAR and ship-based multibeam SoNAR bathymetry and intensity for mapping coral reef ecosystems. Remote Sensing of Environment, 113(5): 1082-1100.

Grober-Dunsmore R., Pittman S.J., Caldow C., Kendall M.A. and T. Fraser. 2009. Chapter 14: A landscape ecology approach for the study of ecological connectivity across tropical marine seascapes. In (Nagelkerken ed.) Ecological Connectivity of Coral Reef Ecosystems. Springer.

Kendall, M.S., L.J. Bauer, and C.F.G. Jeffrey (2009). Influence of Hard Bottom Morphology on Fish Assemblages of the Continental Shelf Off Georgia, Southeastern USA. Bulletin of Marine Science, 84: 265-286.

Monaco M.E., Friedlander A.M., Caldow C., Hile S.D., Menza C. and R.H. Boulon. 2009. Long-term monitoring of habitats and reef fish found inside and outside of the US Virgin Islands Coral Reef National Monument: a comparative assessment. Caribbean Journal of Science, 45: 338-347.

Pait A.S., Jeffrey C.F.G., Caldow C., Whitall D.R., Hartwell S.I., Mason A.L, Christensen J.D. 2009. Chemical contamination in southwest Puerto Rico: A survey of contaminants in the coral Porites asteroides. Caribbean Journal of Science, 45(2-3): 191-203.

Pittman, S.J., B.M. Costa, and T.A. Battista. 2009. Using Lidar Bathymetry and Boosted Regression Trees to Predict the Diversity and Abundance of Fish and Corals. Journal of Coastal Research, Special Issue 53: 27-38.

Smith, T.B., J. Blondeau, R.S. Nemeth, S.J. Pittman, J.M. Calnan, E. Kadison, and J. Gass. 2009. Benthic structure and cryptic mortality in a Caribbean mesophotic coral reef bank system, the Hind Bank Marine Conservation District, U.S. Virgin Islands. Coral Reefs.

Victor B.C., Hanner R., Shivji M., Hyde J. and C. Caldow. 2009. Identification of the larval and juvenile stages of the Cubera Snapper, Lutjanus cyanopterus, using DNA barcoding. Zootaxa, 2215: 24-36.

Ault, J.S., S.G. Smith, J. Luo, M.E. Monaco, and R.S. Appeldoorn. 2008. Length-based assessment of sustainability benchmarks for coral reef fishes in Puerto Rico. Environmental Conservation, 35(3): 221-231.

Bauer, L.J., M.S. Kendall, and C.F.G. Jeffrey. 2008. Incidence of marine debris and its relationships with benthic features in Gray’s Reef National Marine Sanctuary, Southeast USA. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 56: 402-413.

Kendall, M.S. and T. Miller. 2008. The influence of thematic and spatial resolution on maps of a coral reef ecosystem.  Marine Geodesy, 31(2): 75-102.

Kendall, M.S., and T. Miller. 2008. Influence of Benthic Features and Fishing Pressure on Size and Distribution of Three Exploited Reef Fishes from the Southeastern United States. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society, 137(4): 1134-1146.

Kendall, M.S., K.A. Eschelbach, G. McFall, J. Sullivan, and L. Bauer. 2008. MPA design using sliding windows: Case study designating a research area. Ocean and Coastal Management, 51: 815-825.

Kendall, M.S., L.J. Bauer, and C.F.G. Jeffrey. 2008. Influence of Benthic Features and Fishing Pressure on Size and Distribution of Three Exploited Reef Fishes from the Southeastern United States. Transactions of the American Fisheries Society, 137(4): 1134-1146.

Menza, C., M. Kendall, and S. Hile. 2008. The deeper we go the less we know. International Journal of Tropical Biology, 56(1): 11-24.

Pait A.S., Whitall D.R., Jeffrey C.F.G., Caldow C., Mason A.L., Lauenstein G.G., and J.D. Christensen J.D. 2008. Chemical contamination in southwest Puerto Rico: An assessment of trace and major elements in nearshore sediments. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 56: 1953-1956.

Pait, A.S., D.R. Whitall, C.F.G. Jeffrey, C. Caldow, A.L. Mason and J.D. Christensen. 2008. Chemical contamination in southwest Puerto Rico: An assessment of organic contaminants in nearshore sediments. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 56: 580-587.

Rogers C.S. et al. 2008. Ecology of Coral Reefs in the U.S. Virgin Islands. In: Riegl B, Dodge RE (eds) Coral Reefs of the World, 1: 303-374.

Wedding, L.M. and A.M Friedlander. 2008. Determining the Influence of Seascape Structure on Coral Reef Fishes in Hawaii Using a Geospatial Approach. Marine Geodesy, 31: 246-266.

Wedding, L.M., A.M. Friedlander, M. McGranaghan, R.S. Yost, M.E. Monaco. 2008. Using bathymetric lidar to define nearshore benthic habitat complexity: Implications for management of reef fish assemblages in Hawaii. Remote Sensing of Environment, 112: 4159-4165.

Friedlander, A.M, E. Brown, and M.E. Monaco. 2007. Defining reef fish habitat utilization patterns in Hawaii: comparisons between marine protected areas and areas open to fishing. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 351: 221-233.

Friedlander, A.M., Brown, E.K, and M.E. Monaco. 2007. Coupling ecology and GIS to evaluate efficacy of marine protected areas in Hawaii. Ecological Applications, 17(3): 715-730.

Menza, C., M. Kendall, C.S. Rogers, and J. Miller. 2007. A Deep Reef in Deep Trouble. Journal of Continental Shelf Research, 27(17): 2224-2230.

Monaco, M.E., A.M. Friedlander, C. Caldow, J.D. Christensen, C. Rogers, J. Beets, J. Miller, and R. Boulon. 2007. Characterizing reef fish populations and habitats within and outside the U.S. Virgin Islands Coral Reef National Monument: a lesson in marine protected area design. Fisheries Management and Ecology, 14: 33-40.

Pittman SJ, Christensen J, Caldow C, Menza C & Monaco M. 2007. Predictive mapping of fish species richness across shallow-water seascapes of the U.S. Caribbean.  Ecological Modelling, 204: 9-21.

Pittman, S.J., C. Caldow, S.D. Hile, and M.E. Monaco. 2007. Using seascape types to explain the spatial patterns of fish in the mangroves of SW Puerto Rico. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 348: 273-284.

Kendall, M. S., A. E. Katherine . 2006. Spatial analysis of the benthic habitats within the limited-use zones around Vieques, Puerto Rico. Bulletin of Marine Science, 79(2): 389–400.

Lundblad, E.R., D.J. Wright, J. Miller, E.M. Larkin, R. Rinehart, D.F. Naar, B.T. Donahue, S.M. Anderson, and T. Battista.  2006. A Benthic Terrain Classification Scheme for American SamoaMarine Geodesy, 29: 89-111.

Scavia, D. and S.B. Bricker. 2006. Coastal eutrophication assessment in the United States. Biogeochemistry, 79:(1-2): 187-208.

Shapiro, Aurélie C., Stephen O. Rohmann. 2006. Mapping changes in submerged aquatic vegetation using LANDSAT imagery and benthic habitat data: Coral reef ecosystem monitoring in Vieques Sound between 1985 and 2000. Bulletin of Marine Science, 79(2): 375-388.

Taylor, C. and D.M. Nelson. 2006. Northwestern Hawaiian Islands Spatial Bibliography: A Science Planning Tool. Atoll Research Bulletin, 543: 51-62.

Williams, I.D., W.J. Walsh, AMiyasaka, A.M. Friedlander. 2006. Effects of rotational closure on coral reef fishes in Waikiki-Diamond Head Fishery Management Area, Oahu, Hawaii. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 310: 139-149.

DeMartini, E.E., A.M. Friedlander, and S.R. Holzwarth. 2005. Size at sex change in protogynous labroids, prey body size distributions, and apex predator densities in NW Hawaiian atolls. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 297: 259-271.

Hartwell, S.I. and L.W. Claflin. 2005. Cluster Analysis of  Contaminated Sediment Data – Nodal Analysis. Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry, 24(7): 1816-1834.

Kendall, M.S., O.P. Jensen, C. Alexander, D. Field, G. McFall, Bohne, R. and M.E. Monaco. 2005. Benthic Mapping Using Sonar, Video Transects, and an Innovative Approach to Accuracy Assessment: A Characterization of Bottom Features in the Georgia Bight. Journal of Coastal Research, 21(6): 1154-1165.

Monaco, M.E., Kendall, M.S., Higgins, J.L., Alexander, C.E., M.S. Tartt. 2005. Biogeographic assessments of NOAA National Marine Sanctuaries: The integration of ecology and GIS to aid in marine management boundary delineation and assessment. In Place Matters-Geospatial Tools for Marine Science, Conservation, and Management in the Pacific Northwest, Wright, D.J. and A.J. Scholz (editors). 305 pp.

Rohmann, S.O., J.J. Hayes, R.C. Newhall, M.E. Monaco, and R.W. Grigg. 2005. The area of potential shallow-water tropical and subtropical coral ecosystems in the United States.  Coral Reefs, 24: 370-383.

Shapiro, A.C., S.O. Rohmann. 2005. Summit-to-Sea Mapping and Change Detection Using Satellite Imagery: Tool for Conservation and Management of Coral Reefs. In International Journal of Tropical Biology and Conservation, 53(1): 185-193.

Battista, T. A. and M.E. Monaco. 2004. Geographic information systems applications in coastal marine fisheries. Pages 189-208 In W.L. Fisher and F.J. Rahel,editors, In Geographic Information Systems in Fisheries. American Fisheries Society, Bethesda, MD.

Clark, R., D., J.D. Christensen, M. E. Monaco, P.A. Caldwell, G.A. Matthews, and T.J. Minello. 2004. A habitat-use model to determine essential fish habitat for juvenile brown shrimp (Farfantepenaeus aztecus) in Galveston Bay, Texas. U.S. Fishery Bulletin, 102(2): 264-277.

DeMartini, E.E. and A.M. Friedlander. 2004. Spatial patterns of endemism in shallow-water reef fish populations of the Northwestern Hawaiian Islands. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 271: 281-296.

Friedlander, A., G. Aeby, R. Brainard, E. Brown, A. Clark, S. Coles, E. Demartini, S. Dollar, S. Godwin, C. Hunter, P. Jokiel, J. Kenyon, R. Kosaki, and J. Maragos. 2004. Status of Coral Reefs in the Hawaiian Archipelago. Pages 411-430 In Status of the Coral Reefs of the World: 2004, Wilkinson, ed. Australian Institute of Marine Science, Townsville, Australia.

Kendall, M.S., C,R. Kruer, K.R. Buja, J.D. Christensen, E.Diaz, R.A. Warner, and M. E. Monaco. 2004. A characterization of the shallow-water coral reefs and associated habitats of Puerto Rico. Gulf and Caribbean Research, 16(2): 177-184.

Kendall, M.S., J.D. Christensen, C. Caldow, M.S. Coyne, C. Jeffrey, M.E. Monaco, W. Morrison, and Z. Hillis-Starr. 2004. The influence of bottom type and shelf position on biodiversity of tropical fishes inside a recently enlarged marine reserve. Aquatic Conservation: Marine and Freshwater Ecosystems, 14: 113-132.

Kendall, M.S., K.R. Buja, J.D. Christensen, C.R. Kruer, and M.E. Monaco. 2004. The seascape approach to coral reef mapping: An integral component of understanding the habitat utilization patterns of reef fish. Bulletin of Marine Science, 75(2): 225-237.

Kendall, M.S., O.P. Jensen, C.Alexander, D. Field, G. McFall, R. Bohne, and M.E. Monaco. 2004. Benthic mapping on the Georgia bight: sonar, video transects, and an innovative approach to accuracy assessment:  A Characterization of Bottom Features in the Georgia Bight. Journal of Coastal Research, 21(6): 1154–1165.

Kendall, M.S., T. A. Battista, and Z. Starr. 2004. Long term expansion of a deep Syringodium filiforme meadow in St.Croix, U.S. Virgin Islands: the potential role of hurricanes in the dispersal of seeds. Aquatic Botany, 78: 15-25.

Sladek Nowlis, J., A. Friedlander, J. Sobel and C. Dahlgren (eds.). 2004. Research priorities and techniques. In: Marine reserves: a guide to science, design, and use. Island Press, Washington, D.C. Pages 187-233.

Caldow C. and G.M. Wellington. 2003. Patterns of annual increment formation in otoliths of pomacentrids in the tropical western Atlantic: implications for population age-structure examination. Marine Ecological Progress Series, 265: 185-195.

Christensen, J.D., C.F.G. Jeffrey, C. Caldow, M.E. Monaco, M.S. Kendall, R.S. Appeldoorn. 2003. Cross-shelf Habitat Utilization Patterns of Reef Fishes in Southwestern Puerto Rico. Gulf and Caribbean Research, 14(2): 9-28.

Clark, R.D., W. Morrison, J. D. Christensen, M. E. Monaco, and M.S. Coyne. 2003. Modeling the Distribution and Abundance of Spotted Seatrout: Integration of Ecology and GIS Technology to Support Management Needs. In: Bortone, Stephen A. (ed.) Biology of the Spotted Seatrout.

Kendall, M.S., J.Christensen, and Z. Hillis-Starr. 2003. Multi-scale data used to analyze the spatial distribution of French grunts, Haemulon flavolineatum, relative to hard and soft bottom in a benthic landscape. Environmental Biology of Fishes, 66: 19-26.

Kendall, M.S., T. A. Battista, and Z. Starr. 2003. Assessing Changes in Extent of a Tropical Seagrass Meadow Over 30 years. Aquatic Botany, 78: 15-25.

Livingston, R. J., F.G. Lewis, G.C. Woodsum, X.E. Niu, R.L. Howell, G.L. Ray, J.D. Christensen, M.E. Monaco, and T.A. Battista. 2003. Coupling of physical and biological models: Response of oyster population dynamics to freshwater input in a shallow Gulf estuary. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science.

Morrison, W.E., and D.H. Secor. 2003. Demographic Attributes of yellow-phase American eels of the Hudson River. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science, 60: 1487-1501.

Morrison, W.E., D.H. Secor, P.M. Piccoli, and D.A. Dixon (editor). 2003. Estuarine habitat use by Hudson River American eels determined through otolith strontium: calcium ratios. Pages 87-100 in: Biology, management, and protection of catadromous eels, D.A. Nixon (ed). American Fisheries Society.

Causey, B, J. Delaney, E. Diaz, D. Dodge, J. Garcia, J. Higgins, B. Keller, R. Kelty, W. Jaap. C. Matos, G. Schmahl, C. Rogers, M. Miller, and D. Turgeon. 2002. Status of Coral Reefs in the U.S. Caribbean and Gulf of Mexico: Florida, Texas, Puerto Rico, US Virgin Islands, Navassa. In, Status of Coral Reefs of the World: 2002; pp 277-300.

Godley, B.J., S. Richardson, A.C. Broderick, M.S. Coyne, F. Glen, and G.C. Hays. 2002. Long-term satellite telemetry of the movements and habitat utilization by green turtles in the Mediterranean.  Ecography, 25: 352-362.

Kendall, M.S., D.L.Wolcott, T.G.Wolcott, and A.H.Hines. 2002. Reproductive potential of female blue crabs, Callinectes sapidus, in a heavily fished population: Influence of male size and mating history on ejaculate contents. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 230: 235-240.

Horrocks, J.A., L.A. Vermeer, B. Krueger, M. Coyne, B.A. Schroeder,G.H. Balazs. 2001. Migration Routes and Destination Characteristics of Post-Nesting Hawksbill Turtles Satellite-Tracked from Barbados, West Indies. Chelonian Conservation and Biology, 4(1): 107-114.

Kendall, M.S., D.L.Wolcott, T.G.Wolcott,A.H.Hines. 2001. Reproductive potential of individual male blue crabs, Callinectes sapidus, in a fished population: Depletion and Recovery of Sperm Number and Seminal Fluid. Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Sciences, 58: 1168-1177.

Victor, B.C., G.M. Wellington,C. Caldow. 2001. A review of the razorfishes (Perciformes: Labridae) of the eastern Pacific Ocean. Revista de Biologia Tropical, 49(1): 101-110.

Brown, S.K., K.R. Buja, S.H. Jury, and M.E. Monaco. 2000. Habitat suitability index models for eight fish and invertebrate species in Casco and Sheepscot Bays, Maine. North American Journal of Fisheries Management, 20: 408-435.

Jeffrey, C.F.G. 2000. Annual, coastal, and seasonal variation in Grenadian demersal fisheries, 1986-1993 and implications for management. Bulletin of Marine Science, 66(2): 305-319.

Livingston, R.J.,  F.G. Lewis, G.C. Woodsum, X.-F. Niu, B. Galperin, W. Huang, J.D. Christensen, M.E. Monaco, T.A. Battista, C.J. Klein, R.L. Howell IV, and G.L. Ray. 2000. Modelling oyster population response to variation in freshwater input. Estuarine, Coastal, and Shelf Science, 50: 655-672.

Pattillo, M.E., and D.M. Nelson.  2000.  The Northern Gulf of Mexico.  Pages  435-456 (Chapter 27) in C.R.C. Sheppard (ed.), Seas At The Millennium: An Environmental Evaluation, Volume I – Regional Chapters: Europe, The Americas, and West Africa.  Pergamon Press, Amsterdam.